In 2008, Dr. Ben Boucher collected urine specimens on 70 individuals for toxic metal analysis by Trace Element Laboratory, London Health Sciences Laboratory, London, Ontario. Of the cigarette smokers who were tested, 75% had elevated levels of cadmium and antimony. Of these, 90% had cardiovascular disease. Both cadmium and antimony can contribute to cardiovascular disease, and cadmium can cause cancer.
Since toxic metals are becoming much more prevalent in our environment, more research is required to determine their presence and possible detrimental effects on humans. This site is meant to provide some insights into this poorly researched area.